Before you work out your feet and toes, remove your shoes and socks. Warm up and prepare your feet by prancing lightly around the room. After exercising the intrinsic muscles, stretch and soothe them by rolling the sole of each foot back and forth over a tennis ball or frozen water bottle. Since bunions occur because of the bones within the foot, there are no quick fixes that yoga can offer. Using yoga as a supplemental treatment for bunions will prove useful after a period of years. And while yoga may slow down or stop the progress of your bunion, it won't cure the condition. Poses The first steps most doctors recommend is to ice and elevate the toe at home, and to purchase shoes with wider toe boxes. Additionally, callus covers or mole skin can be bought at a grocery store to help decrease irritation on the skin. Night splints can also be purchased to try to change the angle of the foot. If these at-home interventions do not work, then more aggressive treatment can be rendered in a doctor's office. Some cases will need to be repaired with surgery, while others can just be monitored for changes. Your big toe, or hallux, is composed of three bones and two joints. The head of your first metatarsal, located in your foot, forms the first joint of your big toe along with the end of the proximal phalanx, the first bone in your toe. The second joint is comprised of the head of the proximal phalanx and the end of the distal phalanx, the second bone in your big toe. The joints are held together with ligaments and tendons. These two joints flex and extend your big toe as you push off from your foot during walking. You Might Also Like Causes Nicole Nelson, a Florida-based massage therapist writing for "Massage Today," warns that you might have trouble activating the abductor hallucis when you first attempt to work it. She writes that this and other intrinsic foot muscles are "often out to lunch," making it hard to sense where they are and manipulate them. If you have difficulty performing the short-foot and toes-spread-out exercises, or if you suspect your form is off, consult with a professional who can model the exercises and help you activate the appropriate foot muscles. Crank It Up Knee alignment devices ensure the knee is in its anatomically correct position. knee xray image by JASON WINTER from Fotolia.com Over 150 different operations have been described for the treatment of hallux valgus. A selection of better-known procedures is presented in Table 1 and Figure 2 In our experience, metatarsalgia can be effectively alleviated with insoles. These must have a pad that exerts upward pressure on the metatarsals proximal to the pressure-sensitive metatarsal heads. The literature contains only few prospective randomized trials comparing different surgical procedures or investigating conservative treatment. Four studies that did compare procedures all came to no clear conclusion. Whether, for example, the adductor tendon should be divided or the intermetatarsal angle corrected has to be decided according to the individual deformity. Bunions are painful bony conditions that has an underlying condition called hallux valgus (change in the angle of the fist toe). You can be born with this, or it can develop over time due to improperly fitting shoes or an inflammatory condition like arthritis. It is important to monitor for other foot changes that can develop as well. Knowing the symptoms as well as simple home treatments can help to keep the pain down. Symptoms Jul 26, 2010 By Aubri John Photo Caption Inflammation and pain can accompany various foot disorders. Photo Credit feet in the bath image by Ivonne Wierink from Fotolia.com Diagnosis begins with a careful history and physical examination by your doctor. This will usually include a discussion about shoe wear and the importance of shoes in the development and treatment of the condition. X-rays will probably be suggested. This allows your doctor to measure several important angles made by the bones of the feet to help determine the appropriate treatment. Treatment If all nonsurgical measures fail to control the symptoms, then surgery may be suggested to treat the hallux valgus condition. Well over 100 surgical procedures exist to treat hallux valgus. The basic considerations in performing any surgical procedure for hallux valgus are Finding shoes that comfortably accommodate bunions is no easy task. While the shoe does not cause the bunion, it can make it worse. It is time to throw out your pointy-toed shoes at the first sign of the deformity (or if you know you have bunions in the family). Look for shoes with wide toe boxes that allow your toes to spread out. Seamless interiors will also prevent irritation of the swollen area. And shoes with extra depth may be necessary to accommodate orthopedic inserts. Patient is expected to be able to return to any exercise activity as desired, except in cases where surgical treatment is a MTP fusion.